This document is intended for those new to the CNC world, and are experiencing some trouble getting started. Contained in this document are common mistakes we hear from customers and setup problems that can be avoided. For a full setup guide refer to your machines manual. Changing your tool The Laguna Swift and IQ do not have an automatic tool changing function, therefore you will need to manually change the tool each time it’s needed. To do this you will need two wrenches as pictured below. There is no improper way to loosen the collet, but if done properly it will save you time and energy. Now this is an exaggerated representation of how you NOT to change the tooling bits, but it’s used to show how a few extra seconds can provide a greater mechanical advantage. In this image the machine operator does not have full control over their tools, and runs the risk of not only injuring themselves on the sharp bits but others on a machine floor. As you can see in this example I have full and complete control of my tools as I prepare to loosen the tooling bit. By simply closing my palm I am able to provide a much greater concentrated force, resulting in a quick and safe tooling replacement. This example may seem trivial to the experienced machinist, but to the novice or individual who may struggle with providing the necessary strength this is invaluable: Also for those who have had the wrenches slip and smash your hands into the spindle. Clamping There are almost an infinite amount of ways to clamp a part, but I’ll leave that up to you to figure out as every part is different. This is one very important idea to remember while clamping and BEFORE RUNNING THE MACHINE CHECK FOR POTENTIAL PROBLEMS. This is an example of What NOT to do. When setting up this machine you may place a wide reaching clamp on the edge of the table top. As you can see in the figure, if you were to screw the knob all the way down to secure your part the right side of the clamp would sit in the direct path of the gantry. I.e the black bolts will hit the clamp, ruin your current machining part, and destroy your T track. This may not be obvious if you are setting up the clamps while the gantry is across the table top. I recommend manually moving the gantry the full length of the table top to search for potential problems until you’re confident in your clamping abilities. This is an image of what will happens to your T track if your clamp is placed in the position above. If you happen to place a clamp in a bad spot you will immediately hear a loud banging, clunking sound as the gantry attempts to continue on its pre programmed path, but the clamp becomes bound in the T track and bends and breaks the track as shown above. After you’ve been machining for awhile After you’ve been machining parts for awhile or in the beginning when you’re still learning the software your table top can become used. As you can see here we had a few accidents with cutting deeper into our sacrificial spoil board then we would have liked. This could have been from a physical machine error: setting the Z height wrong or not resetting the Z axis per tool change, or a software issue. No matter what caused these cuts it has created an uneven surface. If you’re like most customers and are concerned with the producing quality machined parts an uneven surface can ruin the quality of the parts. The first method for fixing this is the most costly and not typical, replacing the spoil material together. The second and the most time efficient is to set your XYZ-zero position on a section of the tabletop you don’t normally use. In this example if would be at the rear of the table top (not pictured) The third method would be to flycut your spoil board, using a large area clearance tool. This method takes off .01-? amount of material needed to ensure that you have smooth level surface. I recommend you using method number two before this if you can just to save yourself time and thickness of your spoil.